Report of the Portfolio Committee on Energy undertook to host public hearings on energy efficiency on 05 - 06 September 2012, dated 12 March 2014

1.         Introduction


1.1.         Purpose of the report


The purpose of this report is to report back to the National Assembly on the findings of the PC on Energy’s public hearings on energy efficiency.


1.2.         Background


Improved energy efficiency is now widely regarded as an essential part of sustainable development, and an effective means to ensure that there is adequate energy supplies to address economic, social and environmental challenges.


A variety of policies and measures are being used in both developed and developing countries to realize energy efficiency opportunities, but with varying degrees of success. Energy efficiency is a cross-cutting activity spanning all functions of government, business and society. For this reason an integrated approach is essential to achieving sustained energy efficiency gains.


Significant indigenous coal and mineral reserves have provided a competitive advantage for the South African economy, and this legacy is the root of a modern industrialized economy. South Africa is a developing nation with significant heavy and extractive industry components as part of the economy, contributing to placing it high in international rankings of energy intensive countries.


Improving energy efficiency is now recognized as a cost-effective means to improving many aspects of sustainability. Furthermore South Africa faces considerable electricity supply constraints for the foreseeable future. Further, it is still overly dependent on coal powered electricity generation, lacks sufficient local refining capacity, faces a tipping point in energy prices and is characterized by various, inconsistent policies calling for greater energy efficiency. A strategic and integrated approach to energy efficiency offers the opportunity to spur economic development and much needed job creation, while supporting key social and environmental objectives.


1.3.         Purpose of the public hearings


The revision of the South African National Energy Efficiency Strategy is essential in order to enhance the co-ordination of National Energy Efficiency Programmes and Incentives, which are envisaged to result in an improvement in the overall national energy efficiency and hence reduce the energy intensity of the economy.


The public hearings will form part of the roadmap to engage with the Department of Energy (DoE) and make recommendations when the Energy Efficiency Strategy is revised by the department. This is necessary as the country remains short of reaching the targets it had set across all sectors.



2.     Submissions


The following individuals and entities made oral presentations to the committee:

  1. Pert Industrials
  2. Mr D. Coetzee – a farmer from the Northern Cape
  3. South African National Energy Development Institute (SANEDI)
  4. Saint-Gobain Construction Products
  5. Energy Efficiency in the cities of the Southern Cape Karoo by George Municipality
  6. ESKOM
  7. Energy Intensive User Group (EIUG)
  8. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
  9. Prof X. Xia: Centre of New Energy Systems (CNES) – University of Pretoria
  10. Prof W Leuschner - University of Pretoria
  11. National Energy Regulator of South Africa (NERSA)
  12. National Union of Metalworkers of SA (NUMSA)
  13. General Electric South Africa
  14. Southern African Association of Energy Efficiency (SAAEE)
  15. SA Local Government Association (SALGA)
  16. Department of Public Works (DPW)
  17. Green Building Council SA (GBCSA)
  18. National Foundries Technology Network (NFTN)
  19. Eskom submission on 49M
  20. National Business Initiative
  21. Energy Efficiency Forum (City of Cape Town - CoCT)


2.1. Pert Industrials


Mr Peter Horszowski, a sales representative with Pert Industrials (and also appearing in a private capacity), introduced Pert as a company that has been manufacturing technical and scientific educational materials since 1967. The company is located in Johannesburg and had 20 staff members including engineers and educators.

In an effort to show the committee that there are variable ways to generate power he illustrated the effectiveness of the thermo-electric converter which, with one leg in hot water and one in cool water, could generate power through energy conversion from heat to electricity. This tool is related to a Stirling engine which works with temperature differences to generate power. Although the thermo-electric converter is usable as an educational tool it is not for commercial production of power.

Pert is also involved in educational activities and workshops at schools as it was emphasised that teachers are facing more and more challenges at schools; with large class sizes, and little time to teach subjects which are not in the curriculum. Some possible solutions to dealing with South Africa’s energy crisis would be more activities in schools on energy storage, distribution, efficiency and renewable.

He also strongly expressed that work done in primary schools to teach school children about energy would trickle down to parents at home and make a difference in communities. If children are talking about it, parents would then have a strong incentive to become involved.


2.2. Mr D. Coetzee


Mr Coetzee, a farmer from the Northern Cape, appeared before the committee as a private citizen. He expressed a need for more energy generation capacity in South Africa. He noted three potential choices for energy generation in South Africa; coal- but had the consequence of global warming, nuclear power – which could lead to a nuclear disaster, and finally renewable- however they come at a high cost.

He demonstrated, via graphs, that there is a high demand for electricity by households from 7:00pm -11:00pm and emphasised that more energy efficient technology, such as solar irrigation systems are not popular but could provide an interesting solution for the future of energy consumption.

Noting the energy potential of solar power in South Africa, due to the amount of annual sunlight, the benefits of home power generation with Photo Voltaic solar power are high.

Possible solutions to the current energy crunch in the country are solar power cars for short distances of up to 100km per day, home solar systems.


2.3. Saint-Gobain Construction Products


Mr Bruce Murray, National Sales Executive, Saint-Gobain, said that Saint-Gobain is a construction products company with 5 divisions which included gyproc, isover (insulation products), weber (mortars), PAM (cast iron pipes), and Norton (abrasives).

This could be achieved via a retrofitting plan for existing buildings thereby assisting the DOE in their strategy of energy savings in commercial and residential buildings. Possible interventions included installing wall and ceiling insulation in government subsidised housing projects.

Health concerns brought forth in the Nedlac report (2003) where R2.3 billion was spent on healthcare due to respiratory diseases caused by poor indoor air quality from the burning of wood, paraffin and other fossil fuels for heat and cooking showed a need for better
EE standards in homes. Advantages derived from interventions included increased energy efficiency, decreased driver for burning fossil fuels and better health outcomes with decreased costs.

In terms of job creation, from countries with similar programmes in place, measurements show that jobs created by retrofitting existing buildings, outpaced those derived from generating energy. Further jobs would result from onsite trainings and new training programmes.

To conclude it was emphasised that New Building Regulations would go far in achieving energy savings in building stock and it was strongly suggested that a retrofitting program should be implemented immediately which would create jobs and improve the health of residents.


2.4. South African National Energy Development Institute (SANEDI)


Mr Barry Bredenkamp, Senior Manager on Energy Efficiency, SANEDI, opened with a presentation on the measurement and verification processes involving energy efficiency (EE). It was emphasised that EE covers a far broader spectrum than simply electricity efficiency but that Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG) and other forms of power generation which are all part of the mix.

According to SANEDI there is currently an approved national standard on how to report and measure energy savings which is known as SANS 50010. This is the blueprint guideline. However there are not sufficient number professionals in South Africa to cope with the demand for measurement as only seven universities nationwide are dealing with this area.

The current situation in South Africa is that Eskom received R5.4 billion of tax payer’s money for energy efficiency and Demand Side Management implementation (EEDSM) through the MYPD2 allocation (via NERSA). The funding window is over a 3 year period and is required to deliver 1037MW in demand savings and 4055MW of energy savings. The monitoring and verification function to ensure these targets are met however, resides with Eskom and this is seen as a dire conflict of interest.

The gaps in the current context did not take the national picture into consideration; e.g. solar water heaters (SWH) 1 million target had progressed to 200 000. However although it is said these would provide free hot water, in poorer areas they had always lived without hot water but now with a 150L SWH there is a need to tell people that water is an expensive resource and that the water consumption cost goes up as water consumption increases.

There is also a focus on electrical energy which excluded the socio-economic impacts on sectoral jobs, job creation, and environmental impacts. The basic example of changing a light bulb was given; since with newer EE bulbs have a longer life span, there is no longer a need to change bulbs and therefore manual jobs would be lost as a consequence of better technology.

In 2008 with rolling black outs in Cape Town, free two plate LPG gas stoves were issued if customers traded their electric power stove, however this led to a gas shortage. Measures like this simply moved the problem from one resource to the other and are not considered long term solutions.

Further it was strongly emphasised that no penalties had been levied on any non-compliant projects to date. This meant putting at risk national planning for energy efficiency as a resource, since no one is looking at the consolidated picture, hence potentially, measurements could be 100 percent off the mark.

Proposed solutions to these issues included the consolidation of the measurement and verification function for all energy efficiency initiatives into one common portal with a central repository of auditable and value adding data such as electrical energy and demand savings, fuel switching impacts, economic sectoral impacts and jobs created.

SANEDI on the National Energy Efficiency Agency (NEEA)


Mr Kadri Nassiep, Chief Executive Officer, South African National Energy Development Institute (SANEDI) noted, in his introduction, that problems with energy efficiency (EE) were found internationally, with an actual rise in the use of coal. China, for example, is responsible for almost half of the world’s coal consumption and is responsible for 87 percent growth in the coal market. He said comprehensive subsidies were still handed out for fossil fuels, in South Africa and throughout the world, while there is not enough emphasis on EE, and there is the problem of financiers not understanding EE.

He noted that the body “National Energy Efficiency Agency (NEEA)” no longer existed; instead the body is referred to as the South African National Energy Development Institute –Energy Efficiency (SANEDI-EE).This was in-line with the National Energy Act, the DoE’s recommendation and SANEDI’s decision to adopt a monolithic brand position. It was also aimed at avoiding further confusion in the market.

SANEDI turned to the key strategies developed. Key strategies included an analysis of the skills gap for energy management, and the policy mapping exercise, (together with the Department of Energy), which is just awaiting the signature of the Minister as the study had been completed. There is also the need for an Alternate Energy Framework for households in SA to deal with household fuels. He found it shocking that the Paraffin Safety Association of South Africa (PSASSA) had closed its doors. SANEDI is also assisting the DoE with NEES and National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) development and the development of standards and labelling for EE-appliances. SANEDI noted the diplomatic EE Strategy to co-ordinate and align international funding of foreign governments with embassies in SA, as well as embassies in less-developed countries, with the emphasis on greening of embassies.

SANEDI outlined some current projects, noting that the development of solar-powered traffic signals was initiated and piloted by SANEDI and is now being implemented by various local authorities. A draft green IT strategy was developed for SA, but the project had not attained momentum. The
pumping energy efficiency initiative in municipalities is still being pursued and would hopefully be included in the next round of the Division of Revenue Act (DORA) funding applications. He noted the implementation of a big EE project, funded by the Wupperthal Institute in Germany, which involved the benchmarking of EE-policies, processes and technologies in, predominantly, the BRICS countries of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. There is also the hosting of a French Development Agency (AFD)-funded Technical Assistance Facility (TAF), for an EE-and- Renewable Energy (RE) green credit line to three commercial banks in SA.

SANEDI spoke about liquid fuels/transport; saying that it is a key area that had to date been neglected, being restricted primarily to the conversion of vehicles to Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG). He also outlined the SANEDI research work into bio fuels and transport modelling. South Africa unfortunately did not yet have a reliable system of public transport, but there are alternatives to conventional petrol-driven transportation. SANEDI is working with other role-players to break through the limitations, particularly through a fee-bait system to encourage people to purchase EE and electronic vehicles. He urged that many similar measures needed to be introduced.

SANEDI talked about envisaged future projects and noted SA had joined the “Clean Energy Ministerial–Working Group (CEM-WG) on Cool Roofs” and had formally appointed SANEDI as the local representative on this working group. He said cool surfaces are a high-impact, low-cost, short-payback investment that
improved buildings by cutting net energy use; helped roofs and the equipment on them last longer, and improved the comfort of non air-conditioned buildings, while the opposite applied to galvanized roofs. He said a pilot project would be introduced shortly in Gauteng to demonstrate the improved effects associated with cool roofing.

SANEDI is also hosting the GIZ-funded GIS specialist and system, mapping every Solar Water Heater (SWH) installed in the country, which is an exciting and helpful tool for data to keep track of the further roll out the project, together with the cool roofs initiative.

SANEDI turned to stakeholder engagement, stating that SANEDI continued to play a crucial role in engaging all stakeholders to avoid a fragmented system and to advance the need for a more-focussed EE-delivery solution for the country. It is an active member of all EE-related technical committees, an active member of the National Business Initiative (NBI) led the Energy Efficiency Leadership Network (EELN) and various other working groups (WGs) related to EE.

General comments are that SANEDI co-hosted the South African German Energy (SAGEN) programme, with support from GIZ, to address EE-activities. SANEDI-EE continued to provide an advisory and advocacy role in addressing numerous areas as well as bringing in international technical capacity, which will be available to SA in general, in about the next three years. He noted the research produced through SANEDI’s EE hub based at the University of Pretoria. 90 students had already been put through the system, with a high percentage being previously disadvantaged individuals (PDIs), although the proportion of female students needed to be improved.

He concluded that although it appeared that the need and awareness for EE in SA is escalating, the activities are becoming more fragmented and the nature of the industry is leading to duplication and wastage, as seen in proposed directorates that would duplicate efforts in different departments. Proper co-ordination is needed, using DoE as the lead department, focussing on policy-development whilst SANEDI should focus on the co-ordination of implementation activities, performance tracking and consolidated national reporting.

Finally, in the South African context, SANEDI mentioned the good work done by Renewable Energy-Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) in bringing in neighbouring countries into the EE space.


2.5. Energy Efficiency in the cities of the Southern Cape Karoo by George Municipality

Mr Kevin Grunewaldt, City Energy Support Unit Manager, George Municipality, said that George would like to be energy self-sufficient by 2030 and is in talks with Eskom to put up a 500kW energy station. From 2006 the so-called Western Cape problem had emerged which brought about load shedding in those years and since then municipalities had looked at demand side management systems with the city energy support group in particular, being supported by the British Government in that regard.

The implementation of energy efficiency strategy had arisen out of the 2008 national electricity crisis which resulted in new EE technology being implemented on the 9th June 2009 and municipalities had begun looking at new sources of energy generation. Since then five municipalities had submitted EE informed business plans for the past three years. On September 3, 2012 new business plans have been submitted for the current year.

The Eskom grid at the Mossel Bay Proteus 400-132kv substation could save nearly 100MW with huge room for maximum demand and energy efficient measures.

The Western Cape total base load of 5200MW had to be transported by transmission lines coming down from the De Aar main transmission system. Weekly there is 180MW generated with a total base load average of 320MW so that it becomes necessary to try and develop, through energy efficiency, a smoothing out of the demand so that there is no need to run expensive peaking plants. There are various ways to control this which include, for example, cutting off geysers in households in the George municipality, and currently municipalities are doing this on their own. This means that a peak at Proteus at 7pm would be possible due to a peak at George that could happen at 8pm and is necessary to smooth out growth and hence decrease demands on the system.

In the Southern Cape Karoo, 50 percent of the load is coming from residential customers and there are two ways to solve this peak demand issue: one is to employ a more aggressive demand side management approach, while the other would create a time of use tariff on domestic customers to penalise people effectively shifting the load from peak to off peak periods.

Energy efficiency is the cheapest way to defer building of power stations and with embedded renewable energy, even more savings could be realised. Every local municipality must have at least 5MW of renewable energy generation through solar, wind, or biomass. It is also emphasised that local municipalities are the best service delivery mechanism for energy efficiency and renewable power generation.

Local municipalities have proven without a doubt that allowed the space to lead their own energy efficiency programmes savings are inevitable.

The chairperson asked for more information from other municipalities and possible gaps. He wished to know about best practises across municipalities with a stated need for greater participation from SALGA.


2.6. Energy Intensive User Group (EIUG)


Mr Mike Rossouw, EIUG Chairman, said that there is some good news: objectives are in place but the fundamental problem is that there is no effective strategy in place. Corrections are needed in some areas. EIUG had developed a scorecard. Before starting any endeavour, a fact base was needed as objectives are arbitrary at present.

The EIUG said that EIUG had consulted widely, including with international partners. The biggest growth area in Africa is for housing, which would require energy. As countries developed, their energy needs are initially satisfied by the use of wood and fossil fuel sources and eventually moved on to other energy sources.

The EIUG said the majority of domestic consumption is during the morning and evening peak hours. It is a myth that nothing was being done about energy efficiency. He demonstrated the different aspects of power usage, such as lighting and water heating, and the demands that they made on the electricity grid.

The EIUG said a framework was needed which would analyse why targets were not being met. Various factors were considered in developing this framework, focussing on each aspect of energy. An example of one of these was lighting. A desktop study had been done in 2007. This had shown that the mining industry is the biggest consumer of energy. Theoretical potential for energy saving had been identified, and so to, the difficulty in achieving such savings. Eskom had done a survey which showed that residential consumption is 17 percent of the total national consumption. The survey went further in determining the amount of power used by different household applications, such as water heating, kitchen appliances and lighting.

Some energy use could be regarded as compressible, loosely categorised as luxuries, and non-compressible. For example, more efficient water heating methods could be used but if the structure of the house is not thermally efficient, it would have to be rebuilt to achieve greater efficiency.

The EIUG said that they advocated a bottom up approach. A base line should be established at a facility level. This would move to an activity and then a sector level.


2.7. ESKOM


Mr Andrew Etzinger, Eskom Senior General Manager, said that Eskom had been involved with energy efficiency for a number of years. The reasons for energy efficiency are clear. This is the quickest tool to implement, to manage energy supply and a number of other advantageous to the economy. Efficiency programmes would also create jobs.


The load shedding of 2008, when the Koeberg station had gone off-line, had been the first illustration of the need for energy efficiency. Eskom had started a campaign of encouraging energy efficiency and the use of alternative sources, such as gas stoves, as well as an awareness campaign of the load on the system. This is in the form of advertising a power alert on television. This worked well. There is still a constraint on the supply of power, and this problem would have to be dealt with in the long term. Decisions on new power stations would have to be taken soon, but these would be long-term plans. Energy saving is needed now.

Eskom said that maintenance is being done, but the programme had been cut back in order to keep enough supply available. Energy efficiency programmes need to be pursued vigorously. Eskom has an energy efficiency programme in place, funded from tariffs. Eskom set a target of 1 037 MW demand savings and 4 055 GWh energy savings over a three year period. Targets are being met, and performance is audited. The output of more than five generators had been saved. The energy savings for 2011/12 is equivalent to the annual consumption of Buffalo City municipality in a year. Practices such as using light emitting diode (LED) lights, heat pumps or solar water heating is achieving savings. Over 54 million compact fluorescent lighting (CFL) bulbs had been distributed, the largest such programme in the world. The World Bank recognised Eskom's achievements.

Eskom said that consumption is heaviest during the winter months, increasing as the temperature dropped.

Eskom said that skills development and localisation are addressed on an ongoing basis by Eskom. Local manufacturing of solar water heating systems is encouraged although some components have to be imported.

Eskom said that there was a 300 percent increase in the number of Energy Services Companies (ESCOs). Eskom itself is leading by example and had more than achieved its targets. One example is the use of solar panels to provide shaded parking at Megawatt Park which provides a large portion of the building's energy consumption.

Eskom said that initiatives could not be relaxed. Energy efficiency and demand side management would help to ensure security of supply. Continuity in Eskom's programmes is essential.


2.8. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)


Mr Llewellyn van Wyk, CSIR Principal Researcher, complimented Eskom on their achievements. The World Energy Outlook of 2010 would target buildings. People worked, lived, worshipped and played in buildings. Non-residential buildings are the biggest growth sector. In South Africa the situation is no different. Fossil fuels are being used for energy, contributing to the greenhouse gas problem.

The CSIR said that the slowdown in the construction sector is cyclic. The global figure of energy use in the built environment is 40 percent. The South African figure is slightly lower. The figures are stable. There are reasons to examine the way buildings are designed.

The CSIR said that lighting is a major component of energy usage, together with cooling systems, in the face of increasing temperatures, and office machinery. The same kind of efficiencies achieved in lighting needed to be mirrored in cooling and office equipment consumption. There is a major opportunity for savings.

The CSIR said that there is a bigger problem. There is a challenge in that the base construction materials are plentiful. The challenge is in the energy requirement to convert these base materials into a form suitable for building. One needed to understand the pattern of consumption. Transport used energy. Water had to be pumped to cities, and had to be pumped throughout the cycle of supply. The cycle is energy intensive.

The CSIR said that if 100 units of electricity are originally available, only 9 percent are actually used. This highlighted the level of losses along transmission.

The CSIR said that one of the problems is containing urban sprawl. Densification would only happen when sprawl is contained, and services could be delivered to a more compact area. He used the example of Phoenix in the United States of America in how cities should blend into the environment.

The CSIR said that transport is another area for savings. A massive opportunity had been missed with the Gautrain. People should be moved towards major transport nodes rather than relying on massive car parks. The full range of public transport should be considered. If this is done then proper urban development could be considered. He showed another example from the USA where residential and commercial properties shared energy sources.

The CSIR said that it had been able to cut the energy requirements of a typical reconstruction and development programme (RDP) house by 50 percent through more efficient design. There is a test site at CSIR site in Pretoria.

The CSIR supported small-scale solutions. Small buildings could become independent of water, electricity and sewerage grids. A building satisfying this requirement is being developed in Port Elizabeth. If a building could run itself, neutral energy and water requirements could be achieved. A South African model is being planned.

The CSIR said that the construction industry should be transformed by the use of energy efficient materials. Another initiative is to design construction (of buildings) to eliminate wastage. There are regulations to police dumping but they are difficult to enforce.

The CSIR said that some energy saving could be achieved in existing buildings, but more needed to be done to encourage savings. A project in Kleinmond had recently been completed. Although the measures looked modest, in solar panels and a rainwater tank, massive energy and water savings had been achieved and waste had been reduced. If such designs could be used when the housing backlog is addressed there would be massive benefits for the country. Government had a fantastic opportunity to achieve significant energy efficiencies.

2.9. Prof X. Xia: Centre of New Energy Systems (CNES) – University of Pretoria


The national Hub is a five year project initiated by the South African National Energy Research Institute (SANERI). It is hosted by the Centre of New Energy Systems at the University of Pretoria. There are programmes across various disciplines, including Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering (EECE), Chemical Engineering, mechanical engineering, civil and bio engineering and architecture. Graduate, honours, masters and PhD programmes are available. The programme has received a number of awards since its inception...?

Experimental platforms had been developed, where a number of industrial solutions had been developed. He listed the research topics being undertaken. Open source training is provided. A tax incentive management system had been devised.

Prof Xia said that the Hub had been launched in June 2008. Short courses and open source training had been developed. The sixty papers produced by the Hub equated to half of the papers produced in the country. Since 2008, the number of students had increased from 27 to 109. Of the current number of students, 21 are female, 30 white, 48 black and 10 Asian. Only top students are selected for the project.

Prof Xia said the intention is to develop a regional research centre, which would be a national key lab on the model of the Lawrence Berkeley Lab. There would be a joint SANEDI/UP brand and related infrastructure. UP would provide the land and SANEDI the budget. There also would be an input from the Department of Higher Education and Training.


2.10. Prof Wilhelm Leuschner: Department of Electrical, Electronic & Computer Engineering, University of Pretoria


Prof Wilhelm Leuschner, Department of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering, University of Pretoria, claimed to be the only person in the country with both a Masters and PhD in lighting. He wanted to speak as a consumer. The current approach seemed to be to address the symptoms rather than the cause. People questioned the value returned by their investments, while those getting free handouts would not say no to such hand outs.

Prof Leuschner questioned whether energy reduction was being chased at all costs. He further claimed that electrical energy is being given a bad name. There is no saving when consumers are urged to turn off devices such as geysers and swimming pool pumps. The savings of turning appliances off rather than leaving them on standby are negligible.

Prof Leuschner said that there are inconsistencies in campaigns to save fuel. The battery-powered car is given a bad name, but the use of vehicles with photo-cells should be encouraged. Less use of electricity would make Eskom less profitable and might lead to higher taxes. Most energy saving systems are expensive. Further, consumers had to be convinced of the benefits. A major capital investment is needed, but this is hard to believe for a person with immediate cash flow problems. Subsidies would be needed.

Prof Leuschner asked what happened when energy saving systems failed. Low energy light bulbs did fail, and conventional bulbs might be used to replace them. Industrial users could measure their energy usage, but domestic consumers could only guess. A lamp should burn for at least three hours a day to repay their higher cost. New technology would be available for LEDs in the next few years.

Prof Leuschner said that energy saving gadgets are only of temporary benefit. He also noted that in terms of investment in renewable sources, electricity use would need to be increased to pay for their construction.

Prof Leuschner said that lighting is effective but should also be aesthetically pleasing. He could not think of a single LED lamp that could match an incandescent lamp in quality. There is great potential for LED lighting, and the technology is being developed daily. The marketing and development of LED lamps should be stimulated.

Prof Leuschner said that photovoltaic energy is the technology of the future. Solar energy could be used to heat water, but could also be linked to batteries. In Cape Town one could sell the energy derived in this manner back to the municipal grid.

Prof Leuschner said that electric vehicles are available in the country. The technology is simple, reliable and clean. Electric vehicles would support energy saving. The philosophy of “energy reduction at all costs” might have been the death-knell of the battery powered car. It is important to know what to measure.


2.11. National Energy Regulator of South Africa (NERSA)


Ms Bianka Belinska, Head of Department: Electricity Infrastructure Planning, NERSA, defined the concepts of energy efficiency (EE), demand side management (DSM) and demand management programmes. The advantages of EEDSM are both economic and environmental in nature. In the first case it is cheaper than creating new generation plants and further, had shorter lead times to implement.

NERSA said that the EEDSM regulatory policy was introduced in 2004.  Eskom started with the implementation of this policy in 2005. Funding is through electricity tariffs. A percentage of Eskom revenue had to be invested in EEDSM programmes. Funds for EEDSM would be ring-fenced by Eskom. There would be measurement and verification procedures. There would be a claw-back of the funds for EEDSM should targets not be achieved. Annual reports are to be submitted. The EEDSM fund would be audited annually.

NERSA said that several pillars are used in the EEDSM regulatory process. These are measured against a five year plan submitted by Eskom, review of regulatory rules, public consultation, regulatory analysis, regulatory determination, measurement and verification, monitoring and reporting, annual reports, annual audit and reconciliation of revenue.

NERSA highlighted some achievements, including the implementation of 974 projects. There was an accumulated peak demand saving of 2 604MW. The estimated accumulated peak energy saving was 19 960 GWh.

NERSA said that there had been a considerable acceleration in demand savings in recent years. EEDSM has been included as a resource option in the development of the IRP. The approved IRP 2010 included a cumulative amount of 3 420 MW in demand savings. Programmes implemented to date included the CFL replacement campaigns, LED lighting and solar water heaters.

NERSA suggested ways of improving on energy efficiency. Clearer government policies are needed. The role and obligations of NERSA should be clarified. Co-ordination is needed between government departments, policies and institutional mechanisms. Incentives should be diversified. Targets should be set. Institutional oversight is needed. Information mechanisms should be developed to gather and disseminate information. The Independent Systems and Market Operator (ISMO) Bill would place control of supply and demand in the hands of the System Operator. Government policy should provide municipalities with guidelines. The measurement and verification function should include small-scale broad based black economic empowerment concerns, and should operate independently of the fund administrator.


2.12. National Union of Metalworkers of SA (NUMSA)


Mr Woody Aroun, NUMSA Parliamentary Officer, said that the country is the thirteenth highest carbon emitter in the world. According to NUMSA some major energy users has made significant savings with regard to energy efficiency. The Department of Energy was due to release an energy efficiency strategy document in 2011 but there is no sign of this yet.

NUMSA said that the accord on energy efficiency is a voluntary one. Energy efficiency is left in the hands of the private sector. The National Business Initiative (NBI) and Business Unity South Africa (BUSA) felt that voluntary efforts made by business to conserve energy should be recognised. Any power rationing should be applied fairly across all sectors of the economy.    There should be more engagement from government. Government should provide incentives for business. More support was needed for SANEDI. There is a need for training in energy management. Support has become a one-sided affair. Business is setting the agenda. There is no civil society involvement. Trade Unions and civil society had been absent from the policy development process. The only reference from DoE to civil society is a referral to the National Economic Development and Labour Council (Nedlac).

Other feedback showed that companies are affecting energy efficiency measures, but there is little involvement with the unions. Management is seen to be taking all the credit. Unions should be taking a position on energy efficiency and not just negotiating wages and conditions of employment.

NUMSA said that it had its own plans. The first was a review of government-supported solar water heating projects. Many NUMSA members worked at these manufacturers. 40 percent of solar heaters are now imported from China to the detriment of local manufacturers. The second plan is to implement regulation on energy efficiency of buildings. Local content requirements had to remain part of the programme. A massive contract for low-pressure solar heaters had gone to a company that imported most of its stock.

NUMSA said that the third plan is the review of energy efficiency strategy. Finally, NUMSA is determining its position on a proposed carbon tax. NUMSA’s energy research and development groups (RDGs) would focus on energy efficiency and renewable energy.

NUMSA said that energy efficiency will continue to be prejudiced until all stakeholders became involved.


2.13. General Electric South Africa


Mr Lwazi Sikwebu, Commercial Manager, General Electric SA, said that the transport and industry sectors are the largest users of energy in South Africa. Iron and steel is the heaviest user, at 28 percent. The company manufactures high quality CFL and other light bulbs. It produced diesel powered generator sets. It manufactures energy storage batteries and rooftop solar panels. It developed a solar-powered traffic light although this could not yet be put into service. One of their products is a motion sensor which could switch off lights when there is no longer movement in an area.

General Electric SA said that General Electric SA is heavily involved in the transport sector. Initiatives include energy efficient railway locomotives, battery powered cars and hybrid buses.

General Electric SA said that the company had developed systems that could harness heat to produce electricity from any industrial process producing heat. Up to 125 kW of electricity could be generated from these systems. This could even be done with the heat produced by an electric generator to develop more power. A gas engine was designed which could recycle exhaust gases, leading to substantive savings. Breweries used reverse osmosis techniques in the brewing process, and this saved resources. Methane gas from grain could be used. The company had developed a landfill solution for eThekwini Municipality.

General Electric SA said that there are many offerings for municipalities. There are many losses due to leakages and inefficient transmission systems. Municipalities are responsible for electricity reticulation.

General Electric SA said some quick wins are possible. Solar powered street lamps could provide savings without a great capital expenditure. R20 billion had been set aside by energy efficiency. General Electric SA had the capability to deliver these programmes. He suggested that tax benefits should be allowed for energy efficiency projects. There should be a balance between incentives such as tax breaks, and negative incentives such as the carbon tax. There is no reason why the Auditor-General should not comment on wasteful expenditure regarding energy.

2.14. Southern African Association of Energy Efficiency (SAAEE)


Prof LJ Grobler, Dean, Faculty of Engineering, North West University and President of the Southern African Association for Energy Efficiency (SAAEE), said that it is imperative to look at all energy sources. Sources should be used in appropriate ways. The overall mix included energy conservation, energy efficiency, energy substitution, re-generation and own generation.

The SAAEE said that energy efficiency presents the biggest opportunity for saving. The International Energy Agency (IEA) had concluded a study on the expected global temperature increase of 2 degrees celcius. To meet the target of a reduction in the carbon content of the atmosphere to 450 ppm of carbon dioxide, energy efficiency strategies could contribute 38 percent to the mix of strategies to reduce the dependence on fossil fuels.

The SAAEE said that it is a volunteer organisation focused on energy efficiency. It is a chapter of the USA based Association of Energy Engineers. The Board of Directors are all volunteers.

Almost 2000 professionals had been trained in energy management and related matters. SAAEE hosted an annual convention, and conducted awareness programmes in all regions. Stakeholders included students, end-users and equipment manufacturers.

The SAAEE said that it is not easy to define energy efficiency, but the concept is not easy to understand. It is like trying to measure a void. The challenge is to make this repeatable and transparent without discrediting the projects. Exploitation of misinformed end-users placed the credibility of the industry at risk.

The SAAEE said that knowledge and skills are the foundation for promotion of energy efficiency. Children should be taught energy efficiency at school. This had been done in Germany for some time, and that country is now reaping the benefits. At tertiary level, a new career path should be created in energy engineering. The management and accounting aspects of energy efficiency should also be boosted. Energy programmes should carry a similar weight to safety programmes. While PhD students might be needed, there is a requirement for tertiary skills at all levels

The SAAEE said that Germany had reduced its overall energy consumption by 15 percent. The total amount of energy used per year is decreasing, while South Africa still felt it necessary for growth to increase the energy capacity. Education and awareness are crucial.

The SAAEE said that a clear strategy was needed, with targets and objectives. Incentives would open up opportunities. Energy efficiency should be a catalyst for economic growth, as it is seen overseas.


2.15. SA Local Government Association (SALGA)


Ms Linda Manyuchi, Technical Specialist: Energy Efficiency, SALGA, said that SALGA plays a coordinating role in energy efficiency initiates at municipalities. Many metros, particularly the City of Cape Town, had initiated energy efficiency programmes. Some of these programmes had been incorporated into the Integrated Development Plans (IDPs).

Ms Manyuchi mentioned some of the interventions which were conducted by municipalities. These included urban planning and building control, solar water heating, street lighting and water services. In Johannesburg, sludge from the waste water treatment process is used as fuel to power the plant. Transport is another focus area, including the more efficient and popular public transport and the encouragement of non-motorised transport.

SALGA said that some municipalities did budget funds towards energy efficiency. There is an EEDSM grant from National Treasury. Some used the Eskom grant, other made use of loan or donor funds, and there are some private-public partnerships. SALGA listed the most prominent donors. SALGA is also part of the former International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) Urban Low Emission Development Strategy.

SALGA said that some municipalities did not see energy efficiency as a core service delivery area. There is uncertainty over the EEDSM grant. Another challenge is the impact on municipal revenue, as electricity tariffs are used to cross-subsidise other services.

SALGA recommended that long term programmes be developed to support municipalities. Clarity was needed from national government. A benchmarking programme should be put in place regarding energy efficiency. The Blue Drop programme used for ensuring good water supplies could be used as a model.


2.16. Department of Public Works (DPW)


Ms Sassa Subban, Deputy Director General, Department of Public Works said that the Department (DPW) is incorporating energy efficient techniques into all new and renovated buildings.

Mr Anselm Umoetok, Director, DPW, said that the mandate of the DPW is to provide a service to all national departments. It is mandated to implement a shared savings model, to conduct retrofitting projects and to influence behavioural changes. Design considerations were introduced to keep buildings cool during summer by construction techniques.

DPW listed progress made in terms of shared energy contracts. There had been contracts in four regional offices. Between 2003 and 2010, savings due to retrofits in Pretoria amounted to R36 million, Johannesburg R46 million, Bloemfontein R26 million and Cape Town R7 million.

DPW then outlined the challenges. The first is the lack of technical capacity within DPW, and the Department proposed the creation of a Chief Directorate to provide this function. There is no National Treasury (NT) allowance for DPW's Energy Efficiency Programme for the 2012/13 financial year (FY) and beyond. Frequent staff changes impacted on the capacity of the Department. The programmes only cover a small number of the properties in the charge of DPW.

DPW briefed Members on a number of projects undertaken by the Independent Development Trust (IDT). Some 120 buildings had been targeted as pilot projects, of which 60 are in the Eastern Cape and 30 each in Mpumalanga and the Northern Cape. These happened during the 2010/11 and 2011/12 FYs. Of the 120 projects, 103 had been completed and the financial value was R127 million. The total energy saving achieved was R43 million. Challenges included a lack of professional services and monitoring and evaluation. More engagement was needed with the Eskom Demand Side rebate programme. There had been remarkable commitment from those involved. However, no funds were budgeted for by NT after the 2011/12 FY. Buildings targeted included military bases, South African Police Service stations, correctional facilities, museums and office buildings.


2.17. Green Building Council SA (GBCSA)


Mr Brian Wilkinson, CEO - Green Building Council of South Africa noted that the Green Building Council (GBCSA) is part of the international body. Its vision is to ensure that all buildings are constructed in an environmentally-friendly way. The built environment generated a third of green house gases and significant amounts of waste. This is an area that afforded an excellent opportunity to do something significant regarding climate change.

The GBCSA said that key focus areas are the creation of awareness, educating members of the industry and recognising excellence. GBCSA introduced a star rating system for both new and renovated buildings. A socio-economic category was introduced to the evaluation criteria, a world first. There are ten environmental categories. These covers management, indoor environmental quality, energy, transport, innovation, water, materials, land use, emissions and the socio-economic aspect.

The GBCSA said that lighting is a major concern, and the ratings focus on lighting power density and zoning. A tool is available, freely; to building owners that would allow owners to rate the performance of any building is against a national benchmark.

The GBCSA listed some of the certified buildings. The NDPW Agrivaal Office in Pretoria is using 35 percent less energy than the national standard. The Manenberg Contact Centre in Cape Town had received a four star rating, and had achieved an 80 percent energy saving. ABSA Towers West in Johannesburg had achieved a five star rating. The Vodafone Site Solution Innovation Centre in Midrand had a six star rating. The entire roof is a photovoltaic surface, and produces twice the energy requirement. This is shared with an adjoining building. A project in Cato Manor had resulted in the country's first “green street” and had attracted international attention.

The GBCSA said that government is taking a lead. Certifications are required for buildings at all levels of government as well as the parastatals. A four star rating is set as the best practice for offices. He made a recommendation is that all new government buildings should be “built green” by 2020. Half of existing government buildings should have water, energy and waste measurement and improvement systems by 2020.

2.18. National Foundries Technology Network (NFTN)


Ms Adrie El Mohamadi, Programme Manager, National Foundries Technology Network presented a background of the Network (NFTN). Between 2007 and 2011, the number of foundries had decreased by 13 percent, as a result of both mergers and closures. It is estimated that up to 20 000 people are employed at foundries, but this number had been reduced by up to 15 percent since 2008. The majority of customers are in the mining and automotive sectors.

Ms El Mohamadi presented some examples of the everyday products manufactured in foundries. Foundries are crucial to the manufacturing industry. The NFTN produced a handbook for foundries to gauge their situation. A competitive improvement programme was launched. The baseline assessment compares the foundry, using various factors, to the local and international market. A cost analysis would be done to show companies where they could make savings.

Ms El Mohamadi said that the industry makes use of the incentives offered by Eskom to control demand side management. There is not enough local expertise to advice on issues regarding metal smelting techniques. There are no incentives for switching to alternative energy sources. Many foundries applied for incentives, but were unable to qualify.

Mr David Mertens, Representative, NFTN, noted that foundry operations are energy intensive. Up to 18 percent of an average foundry's costs are for energy. Two conditions are needed for growth. Foundries must have access to competitive tariffs, but must also be energy efficient.

Mr Mertens said that almost all foundries bought their electricity from municipalities, which charged up to 50 percent more than Eskom. This made energy more expensive than in many countries. Tariff increases had come thick and fast in recent years. Increases had also come in the midst of a recession. The tariffs are not cost reflective. The foundry industry paid more for energy than other users. There was a lot of uncertainty, and thus a need for a national strategy around tariffs.

Mr Mertens quoted the example of an Eastern Cape cast iron foundry which had reduced its energy consumption by 30 percent.

Mr Mertens identified a number of challenges. These included the cost of electricity, which made investment unattractive, and the investment incentives are also difficult to access, or unattractive. There are no specific credits for switching to alternative sources.

Mr Mertens recommended again that a national strategy for energy tariffs for the industry be implemented. IDM investment should be intensified.


2.19. Eskom submission on 49M


Mr G Choeu, Divisional Executive, Eskom, briefed Members on the background to the 49M campaign. He noted that even small changes by individuals could lead to huge benefits. The first phase was to raise awareness. The second phase, ending in March 2013, is to build momentum, and the third phase would be to sustain that momentum.

Eskom said that the first phase of raising awareness was launched with a powerful delegation from Cabinet, led by the Deputy President. There was free media coverage to the extent of R1.6 million. Television, print, radio, cinema and open air media was used.

Eskom said that the momentum would be built through various channels. The pillars of the campaign are to try to reach all South Africans through the media and by staying in the public eye in shopping malls. A number of articles were broadcasted. Eskom worked through the Minister of Public Enterprises. All Cabinet Ministers subscribed to the campaign, as had 74 partner companies. The glass house models erected in a number of malls are a demonstration to the public of how to embrace energy saving techniques.

Eskom said one of the challenges is a lack of public awareness. Partners had been slow to take up the campaign. Research had been conducted on the public's knowledge and understanding of the campaign. The research had been conducted in October 2012. Key outcomes were that 73 percent of the respondents are aware of the campaign. The majority of those aware learned of the campaign through television.

Eskom said that that 68 percent thought that it is a good campaign. There is a generally positive perception on the need to save electricity.




2.20. National Business Initiative


Ms Valerie Geen, Director, National Business Initiative, noted that the Initiative (NBI) has been in existence since 1995 and is a non-profit, catalytic organisation to help drive change in the business community on issues of sustainable development. Some of these issues are in education, schooling support and skills development, EE, water and climate change. NBI’s work in EE began in 2006 as a direct response to the promulgation of the 2005 Energy Efficiency Strategy and government’s call for business to support the drive for EE through the EE Accord, which had now been reintroduced. It consisted presently of 58 member organisations, including some government departments, although others should be on board.

Ms Geen said the Energy Efficiency Leadership Network (EELN) is a leading network in driving continuous improvement in energy efficiency, with members taking the lead by showing best practice. The energy efficiency pledge of the members is to create a company plan for energy efficiency improvement, supported by an energy management system, with company level targets aligned to help deliver on agreed government strategy. They would report on progress and skills development and capacity building would take place through money and time invested by companies within their value-chain. Implementation of the pledge would occur through integrated planning, metering and monitoring of energy usage and the fact that energy is to be seen as a value driver. She pointed out that in many companies, EE is imperative, as electricity costs alone accounted for up to 40 percent of a company’s budget and governance.

Ms Geen looked at capacity building, involving the development of proper auditing and baseline setting, EE opportunity identification, to make business cases to managers, monitoring reporting and verification of information and the accessing of funding/financing.

Members of the EELN would be required, during their engagement, to nominate energy champions and representatives to lead or co-ordinate energy management in the company, and interface with the EELN. They would drive the key commitments under the EELN Pledge, support performance reporting and knowledge sharing, facilitated through quarterly EELN meetings, so that others could learn from this, and exploit all opportunities for continuous improvement in Energy Efficiency.

Ms Geen said stakeholders could expect facilitation from the NBI for good and best practice sharing, which is of high value, as well as training and capacity building, collaboration to alignment, and reporting on collective performance. Some successes included the implementation of quick wins as seen in buildings – including initiatives for lighting, air conditioning, off grid solutions such as photo-voltaic, and target setting in relation to projects and facilities, which is difficult especially in large, diverse companies. Other successes are apparent in metering, monitoring, and improving fuel efficiency and these issues needed to be addressed collectively. Examples could be found in the 2011 Energy Efficiency case studies, or the Carbon Disclosure Report.

Reducing carbon emissions through EE is contained in an international report of the top 100 Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) listed companies, who disclosed their carbon emissions, and showed progress in improvement. These companies (together with Eskom) made up over 60 percent of SA carbon emitters. They are changing mainly in their building usage, along with behavioural change for EE solutions. This report ranked SA second in performance, globally, just behind the UK 300, and showed SA’s willingness to disclose. However, work is still needed in target setting.

Challenges are seen in the baseline setting, where companies struggled with scope and with determining how many buildings to measure, whilst there are also problems with data, capacity building and bankable projects. The recommendations are the nomination of champions and the training of artisans. Other challenges are seen with the investment of large scale projects or operations (which, in some instances, are not viable) especially retro-fitting. As a result, banks did not buy-in to provide funding. Behavioural change is another challenge, but recommendations are now being made and campaigns run on how to make the initiatives work, with attention to policies, how regulations are policed, incentives, giving recognition to those doing well and municipal billing to reward company savings.

2.21. Energy Efficiency Forum (City of Cape Town - CoCT)


Ms Sarah Ward, Head: Energy and Climate Change, City of Cape Town (CoCT), said the Energy Efficiency Forum (EEF) is run in Cape Town as part of its EE programme, specifically for commercial buildings. It is a Public Private Partnership (PPP) where the EEF is the lead partner and they worked very closely with Eskom. There are a number of supporting partners to this PPP who helped to make the EEF successful, such as the University of Cape Town. Membership is based on a partnership network focused on Cape Town. Three meetings are held per year, at Old Mutual (Pinelands) who is a great supporter of the EEF. There are two information meetings for building owners and managers, and one market place at which suppliers could showcase their wares and market their goods. EE Forum Awards are held once per year and this had been newly introduced as a system of reward, with strict criteria and professional evaluation.

The CoCT presented an overview of previous events, noting that attendance was between 160 and 220 participants at each event. Outreach is based on a networking system through a partner’s database of 800 of all the partners and supporters, who had provided their databases as contacts, and further sent out invitations. Registration is automatic on the website, as well as notice of attendance, with about 40 percent new attendees each time. A survey showed that 95 percent felt that they were provided with valuable/useful information and 92 percent were motivated to make improvements in their building/s or company through what they had learned at the Forum.

The CoCT tabled a number of graphs, and noted the clear disengagement between economic growth and energy consumption, which was a good indicator.

The CoCT then turned to themes and topics, and noted that the case studies presented by companies always created a lot of interest and presented an opportunity for them to showcase what they were doing. Useful information was provided on tariffs, national building regulations, Green Building Council of SA star tools and Eskom EE financial offerings. Awareness is raised through green leasing, insurance in a changing climate, and benchmarking. Other themes and topics were new technology inputs and the EE Forum Awards. Case study examples of winners of the EE Forum Awards were the V&A Waterfront and Vuyani Properties, 14 Loop Street, Cape Town.

The CoCT turned to the challenges and queries which included the implementation of Part XA of National Building Regulations monitoring and assessing, the linking of all resource efficiency together with energy, water and waste. There is a need for clarity with regard to supply, and the low pressure solar water heater programme, appliance labelling and net-metering. She said behaviour change is critical but sometimes there is an overemphasis on technology changes.


3.             Discussions



4.             Findings


·         A formalised system for collecting, managing data and calculating indicators is necessary for monitoring the implementation and success of activities initiated as part of the strategies for energy efficiency.

·         An effective policy making, strategy formulation and planning cannot take place in the absence of a sound knowledge base. A detailed understanding of the state of energy efficiency in South Africa needs to be developed in relation to energy use, technological developments and efficiency opportunities. This knowledge base will facilitate the establishment of accurate baselines, provide for necessary data collection.

·         Policy integration and alignment is critical to any successful energy efficiency programme.

·         Energy labeling of appliances is an internationally tried and tested tool to build an awareness of energy efficiency among consumers. 


5.             Conclusion(s)


The elaborate presentations and intensive debates by more than 20 insitutions is a reflection of the vitality of and very keen interest on energy efficiency in SA. Such displays the need for Parliament and government be seized with energy efficiency especially during this period of energy crunch.

It is imperative that all and sundry commit to ensure the revised Energy Efficiency Programme be implemented with resolve it deserves.


6.             Recommendation(s)


The Minister of Energy:

·         Ensures that Energy Efficiency covers a far broader spectrum than simply electricity efficiency and also include Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG) and other forms of energy that comprise the energy mix.

·         Regular updates the PCE to ensure that all public buildings become energy efficient within record time.

·         To develop a programme that will increase the number of professionals in South Africa to cope with the demand for EE measurement as well as increasing the number of universities that are dealing with this area.

·         Ensure the monitoring and verification function to ensure these targets does not reside with Eskom because it is seen as a conflict of interest.

·         Reinforce awareness campaigns on water conservation since  water is an expensive resource and that the water consumption cost  increase as water consumption increases

·         Ensures penalties on any non-compliant projects be levied so that national planning for energy efficiency as a resource is not put at risk.

·         Introduce integrate solutions that include the consolidation of the measurement and verification function for all energy efficiency initiatives into one common portal with a central repository of auditable and value adding data such as electrical energy and demand savings, fuel switching impacts, economic sectoral impacts and jobs created.

·         Ensures that SANEDI develops a more detailed feasibility study and a transitional action plan be undertaken towards future implementation of consolidation of the measurement and verification function for all energy efficiency initiatives into one common portal with a central repository of auditable and value adding data such as electrical energy and demand savings, fuel switching impacts, economic sectoral impacts and jobs created

·         Ensures that Comprehensive subsidies on EE be emphasised just as they are still handed out for fossil fuels, in South Africa and throughout the world.

·         Places Focus on awareness drive for financiers to understand EE with the aim of enhancing investments that are EE related.

·         Ensures that the momentum on finalisation of the draft green IT strategy be intensified.

·         Ensures that Pursuit of the Pumping Energy Efficiency Initiative in municipalities be strengthened

·         Facilitates Regular updates for the PCE on the pilot project to demonstrate the improved effects associated with cool roofing which will be introduced shortly in Gauteng be conducted.

·         Through SANEDI engages all stakeholders and work on avoidance and even reversal of a fragmented EE system and to advance the need for a more-focused EE-delivery solution for the country.

·         Provides regular updates on Renewable Energy-Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) which brings neighbouring countries into the EE space.

·         Explores how energy efficiency can be integrated with embedded renewable energy generation.

·         Initiates a campaign, in partnership with DCOGTA and SALGA, to mobilise every local municipality must have at least 10MW of renewable energy generation through solar, wind, biomass or hydrogen fuel. 

·         In partnership with DCOGTA mobilises for  greater participation of SALGA on EE programmes.

·         In conjunction with CSIR works on a programme that will seek to transform the construction industry on the use of energy efficient materials. Such will include addressing energy requirements to convert base construction materials into a form suitable for building.

·         Further promotes the initiative that is will focus on design construction (of buildings) to eliminate wastage. Such must also include enforcement of regulations to police dumping.                                                                

·         Works with CSIR on how residential and commercial properties can share energy sources.

·         Ensures regular update from CSIR on the project that is redesigning (RDP) houses to be 50 percent more energy efficient. NOTE: There is a test site at CSIR site in Pretoria.

·         Ensures that CSIR to regularly brief and update on the project that seeks small-scale solutions for small buildings to be become independent of water, electricity and sewerage grids. 

·         Ensures that Regular updates from ESKOM and NERSA on EEDSM programmes.

·         Explores ways of improving on energy efficiency including:

·         Policy integration and alignment be addressed as it is critical to any successful energy efficiency programme.

·         Clearer government policies on energy efficiency including provision of municipalities with guidelines on EE.

·         The role and obligations of NERSA be clarified.

·         Co-ordination between government departments, policies and institutional mechanisms be strengthened.

·         Incentives be diversified.

·         Institutional oversight be strengthened.

·         Information mechanisms should be developed to gather and disseminate information.

·         The measurement and verification function should include small-scale broad based black economic empowerment concerns, and should operate independently of the fund administrator.

·         Training in energy management.

·         At tertiary level, a new career path should be created in energy engineering - the management and accounting aspects of energy efficiency should also be boosted – in other words energy programmes should carry a similar weight to safety programmes.

·         Ensure that civil society involvement is improved on EE programmes. 

·         Reviews the EEDSM grant provided by the National Treasury. 

·         In conjunction with National Treasury review tax benefits for energy efficiency projects including a balance between incentives such as tax breaks, and negative effects of the carbon tax.

·         Investigate whether the Auditor-General should not comment on wasteful expenditure regarding energy efficiency

·         Ensures that Awareness programmes on energy efficiency be intensified in school programmes. 

·         Assists SALGA in mobilising municipalities to acknowledge and integrate energy efficiency as a core service delivery area including incorporating energy efficiency into the normal institutional arrangements

·         Ensures uncertainty over the EEDSM grant be addressed and clarified – such be linked to seeking alternatives on the negative impact of EE initiatives on municipal revenue, as electricity tariffs are used to cross-subsidise other services

·         Ensures long term programmes be developed to support municipalities including clarity from national government.

·         Ensure that a benchmarking programme should be put in place regarding energy efficiency.

·         Ensure that The Blue Drop programme used for ensuring good water supplies be used as a model for EE.

·         Works jointly with DPW on the lack of technical capacity including proposed creation of a Chief Directorate to handle EE.

·         Ensure that National Treasury (NT) be requested for reinstatement of allowance for DPW's Energy Efficiency Programme.

·         Works jointly with the GBCSA to promote the star rating system for both new and renovated buildings. 

·         Ensures that Certifications are secured for buildings at all levels of government as well as the parastatals.

·         Together with Minister of Public Works to ensures that all new government buildings should be “built green” by 2020.

·         Together with Minister of Public Works to ensures that half of existing government buildings should have water, energy and waste measurement and improvement systems by 2020.

·         In conjunction with the Minister of Higher Education and Training addresses inadequate local expertise to advice on issues regarding metal smelting techniques as well as incentives for switching to alternative energy sources.

·         Investigates the claim that many foundries are unable to qualify for EE incentives.

·         Investigates if foundries are or explore if foundries can be in regarded as KSACS

·         Explores a national strategy on rationalisation of electricity tariffs including  ensuring tariffs are cost reflective 

·         Works with SALGA to ensure the involvement of municipalities in Eskom's Integrated Demand Management-IDM.

·         Ensures that investment on Integrated Demand Management-IDM be intensified.

·         Promotes the EE Accord and encourage those government departments who have not yet joined to join.

·         Creates a conducive environment for investment on large scale projects or operations especially retro-fitting.

·         Facilitates a  buy-in from banks to provide funding on EE programmes.

·         As part of inducing behavioural change on EE, campaigns to be run on how to make the initiatives work, with attention to policies, how regulations are policed, incentives, giving recognition to those doing well and municipal billing to reward company savings.

·         Ensures focus on the implementation, monitoring and assessing of National Building Regulations as well as linking of all resource efficiency together with energy, water and waste.

·         Provides clarity with regard to appliance labelling and net-metering.

·         Ensures an awareness campaign to building contractors on energy efficiency building regulations, and more advocacy campaigns in the marketplace focusing on the regulations.

·         Increases educational programmes on smart meters for those consuming over 1000MW.

·         Attends to EE retrofitting of homes for the poor since this process at present, is more appropriate for middle income earners

·         Ensure that Regular updates on public participation on EE. 

·         Explores a long-term strategy on reducing peak demand including time-of-use meters as an option.

·         Explores improvement of thermal insulation especially in the Cape region in housing and  property development.

·         Ensures that Eskom’s allocations for EEDSM programmes are ring-fenced.

·         Ensure that Monitoring and evaluating of progress with regard to energy efficiency programmes be firmly addressed.

·         Updates on some of the energy efficiency initiatives of the DPW that are undertaken by the Independent Development Trust (IDT).

·         Ensure that a sound knowledge base for an effective policy making, strategy formulation and planning be intensified. A detailed understanding of the state of energy efficiency in South Africa needs to be developed in relation to energy use, technological developments and efficiency opportunities. This knowledge base will facilitate the establishment of accurate baselines, provide for necessary data collection.

·         Expedites energy labeling of appliances as it is an internationally tried and tested tool to build an awareness of energy efficiency among consumers. 

·         In partnership with the Minister of Science and Technology promote technology options that hold significant potential for energy efficiency improvements since in most instances these are well researched and developed.

·         In partnership with the Minister of Trade and Industry promote the local manufacture of energy efficient products although such represents a challenge for industry and government.

·         Involves business and civil society in a concerted effort to improve energy efficiency due to the State being constrained by budget limitations.

·         Ensure that Energy Usage Rating systems and Performance Certificates be made mandatory, particularly for public buildings.

·         Ensures that guidance to establish the required changes in practice due to laws that have been promulgated and regulations published in order to establish energy efficiency is implemented.