YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT: PRESENTATION ON YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT BY NATIONAL YOUTH COMMISSION TO THE PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON LABOUR

02 June 2006

 

OVERVIEW

1. Role of NYC, UYF and SAYC defined

2. Past decade achievements

3. Legislative framework

4. Youth participation in the economic mainstream 5. Barriers to youth employment

6. Proposed areas for intervention

7. Current Programmes (Work in progress)

8. Challenges to current interventions

9. Recommendations


The NYC

The NYC is a statutory body created by an Act of Parliament (National Youth Commission Act No 19 Of 1996) to fulfill the following objectives:

 

         Coordinate and develop national youth policy

 

         Advocate for youth development in government

 

         Coordinate and monitor issues of youth development in govt

 

         To promote uniformity of approach by ALL organs of state, to matters relating to or involving the youth

 

         To coordinate the activities of various Provincial and Local govt institutions involved in youth matters and to link those activities to the integrated national youth policy

 

         To develop recommendations relating to any other matters which may affect the youth


Umsobomvu Youth Fund

 

         Established through the Demutualization Act to promote youth entrepreneurship

 

         Main role of UYF is to finance skills development and employment creation for the youth


South African Youth Council.

 

         Independent body representing youth formations in civil society

 

         ensures participation of-young people in national development & reconstruction initiatives aimed at young people


Past Decade Achievements

         Setting up of appropriate institutional mechanisms Provincial Youth Commissions

 

         Establishment of SAYC

 

         The adoption of the National Youth Development Policy Framework 2002 - 2007

 

         Establishment of the UYF

 

         Establishment of NSFAS

 

         NYS policy and implementation plan


Legislative Framework

 

         National Youth Commission Act

 

         Labour Relations Act

 

         Employment Equity Act

 

         Basic Conditions of Employment

 

         National Skills Development Act

 

         Preferential Procurement Framework

 

         Small Business Act


Youth participation in the economic mainstream of the country

 

         Youth constitutes 75% of the unemployed people in SA (Labour force market survey of March 2005 by Statistics South Africa). This against the increased student intake at institutions of higher learning and high numbers of unemployed graduates

 

         Youth economic participation is characterised by 3 categories:


(i) Skills level of youth


(ii) Opportunities to create youth employment


(ii) Opportunities for funding youth driven ventures


Barriers to Youth Employment

 

         Lack of adequate and required skill (often higher institutions of learning do not adequately prepare young people for the demands of the labour market)

 

         The relationship between economic growth and the needs of the labour market

 

         Lack of support to enable young people to create sustainable businesses

 

         Lack of access to funding to start youth owned businesses

 

 

Proposed Areas for Intervention

         Education and skills development (Learnerships)

 

         Public Private Partnerships

 

         Youth Business Development (Entrepreneurial development)

 

         Access to funding (business start-up) and support (mentoring)


Current Programmes (Work in progress)


Specific Interventions towards achieving youth employment:

 

         National Youth Service Programme

 

         Youth Economic Participation

 

         Young Farmers Programme

 

         Supporting interventions:

 

         Youth Information Services

 

         Local Government Programme (Capacity building, Advocacy & Research)


Challenges to Current Intervention

 

         Learnerships (Enacted through the Skills development Act, aimed at integrating theoretical learning and obtaining sufficient work experience)

 

        Currently large numbers of young people are enrolled in leanership programmes through various SETA's but there aren't clearly identified exit opportunities strategies

 

         NYS (promotes the involvement of young people in activities which provide benefits to the community while developing the abilities of young people through service and learning)

 

         Lack of exit strategies where young people gain employment or go for further training

 

         Expanded Public Works Programme (Labour intensive Programme aimed at the creation of short to medium term employment and cultivation of entrepreneurs)

 

        Employment is short term and hence therefore not sustainable

 

         Youth business development (UYF established to promote and finance youth entrepreneurial development and skills development}

 

        Large numbers of young people have not gained access to funding.

 

         ASGISA (is an interventionist plan aimed at bolstering economic growth Ensuring the reduction of unemployment and poverty by 50% by the year 2014).

 

         Consists of a limited youth specific set of interventions intended to capacitate young people and increase their employability and their options to engage in self-employment

 

Recommendations

 

         Development of a comprehensive economic empowerment strategy for young people

 

         Access to funding to start youth owned businesses

 

         Appropriate and relevant training to prepare young people for the demands of the labour market through various higher institutions of learning, FET colleges and SETA's

         Development of coordinated internship programmes to address lack of skills through the involvement of government, parastatals, development finance institutions and NGO's

 

         A clear funding support mechanism for FET institutions

 

         A clear implementation plan for the youth specific proposals contained within the ASGISA framework


WORK WITH YOUTH, BUILD THE FUTURE NOW!!