02 June 2006



1. Role of NYC, UYF and SAYC defined

2. Past decade achievements

3. Legislative framework

4. Youth participation in the economic mainstream 5. Barriers to youth employment

6. Proposed areas for intervention

7. Current Programmes (Work in progress)

8. Challenges to current interventions

9. Recommendations


The NYC is a statutory body created by an Act of Parliament (National Youth Commission Act No 19 Of 1996) to fulfill the following objectives:


         Coordinate and develop national youth policy


         Advocate for youth development in government


         Coordinate and monitor issues of youth development in govt


         To promote uniformity of approach by ALL organs of state, to matters relating to or involving the youth


         To coordinate the activities of various Provincial and Local govt institutions involved in youth matters and to link those activities to the integrated national youth policy


         To develop recommendations relating to any other matters which may affect the youth

Umsobomvu Youth Fund


         Established through the Demutualization Act to promote youth entrepreneurship


         Main role of UYF is to finance skills development and employment creation for the youth

South African Youth Council.


         Independent body representing youth formations in civil society


         ensures participation of-young people in national development & reconstruction initiatives aimed at young people

Past Decade Achievements

         Setting up of appropriate institutional mechanisms Provincial Youth Commissions


         Establishment of SAYC


         The adoption of the National Youth Development Policy Framework 2002 - 2007


         Establishment of the UYF


         Establishment of NSFAS


         NYS policy and implementation plan

Legislative Framework


         National Youth Commission Act


         Labour Relations Act


         Employment Equity Act


         Basic Conditions of Employment


         National Skills Development Act


         Preferential Procurement Framework


         Small Business Act

Youth participation in the economic mainstream of the country


         Youth constitutes 75% of the unemployed people in SA (Labour force market survey of March 2005 by Statistics South Africa). This against the increased student intake at institutions of higher learning and high numbers of unemployed graduates


         Youth economic participation is characterised by 3 categories:

(i) Skills level of youth

(ii) Opportunities to create youth employment

(ii) Opportunities for funding youth driven ventures

Barriers to Youth Employment


         Lack of adequate and required skill (often higher institutions of learning do not adequately prepare young people for the demands of the labour market)


         The relationship between economic growth and the needs of the labour market


         Lack of support to enable young people to create sustainable businesses


         Lack of access to funding to start youth owned businesses



Proposed Areas for Intervention

         Education and skills development (Learnerships)


         Public Private Partnerships


         Youth Business Development (Entrepreneurial development)


         Access to funding (business start-up) and support (mentoring)

Current Programmes (Work in progress)

Specific Interventions towards achieving youth employment:


         National Youth Service Programme


         Youth Economic Participation


         Young Farmers Programme


         Supporting interventions:


         Youth Information Services


         Local Government Programme (Capacity building, Advocacy & Research)

Challenges to Current Intervention


         Learnerships (Enacted through the Skills development Act, aimed at integrating theoretical learning and obtaining sufficient work experience)


        Currently large numbers of young people are enrolled in leanership programmes through various SETA's but there aren't clearly identified exit opportunities strategies


         NYS (promotes the involvement of young people in activities which provide benefits to the community while developing the abilities of young people through service and learning)


         Lack of exit strategies where young people gain employment or go for further training


         Expanded Public Works Programme (Labour intensive Programme aimed at the creation of short to medium term employment and cultivation of entrepreneurs)


        Employment is short term and hence therefore not sustainable


         Youth business development (UYF established to promote and finance youth entrepreneurial development and skills development}


        Large numbers of young people have not gained access to funding.


         ASGISA (is an interventionist plan aimed at bolstering economic growth Ensuring the reduction of unemployment and poverty by 50% by the year 2014).


         Consists of a limited youth specific set of interventions intended to capacitate young people and increase their employability and their options to engage in self-employment




         Development of a comprehensive economic empowerment strategy for young people


         Access to funding to start youth owned businesses


         Appropriate and relevant training to prepare young people for the demands of the labour market through various higher institutions of learning, FET colleges and SETA's

         Development of coordinated internship programmes to address lack of skills through the involvement of government, parastatals, development finance institutions and NGO's


         A clear funding support mechanism for FET institutions


         A clear implementation plan for the youth specific proposals contained within the ASGISA framework